The history of metal craft in Gujarat dates way back to the Indus Valley Civilization. Gujarati craftsmen are experts at working magic with metal to create beautiful metal pieces - these include sculptures, utensils, vases, ornaments, boxes. Each one stands out because of its expert craftsmanship, finesse and finishing. The metals used include iron, copper and silver as well as alloys like bell metal, white metal and bronze. The surface of these metals, once crafted into their desired shape, are coloured and decorated using brilliant colours and intricate designs that give rise to the ‘meenakari’ form of art.