Narayan Sarovar Wildlife Sanctuary

Hub(s) : Kutch


Like the Wild Ass Sanctuary, Narayan Sarovar is home to a wide array of wildlife, including many species (15 of which are considered threatened) of mammals, reptiles, and birds. The principle species here is the chinkara, an Indian gazelle. In this harsh landscape, only animals well-adapted to the desert climate can thrive, with extreme heat, high winds, and frequent storms. For this reason, many species can be seen here that are not easy to find elsewhere.

Most of Narayan Sarovar is desert thorn forest and scrub forest, with some seasonal wetlands and dry savannah-type vegetation as well. Gorad and babul are the prevailing plant species; gorad in the east and babul in the west. Also found among the 252 species of flowering plants in the sanctuary are hermo, ber, pilu, thor, gugal, salai, ingorio, kerdo, carissa, and the invasive “gando baawal” (prosopsis juliflora), though less so than in other nearby areas.

The endangered chinkara is the only gazelle in the world with horns on both males and females. Of the roughly 7000 chinkaras known to exist, 80% of them live in Kutch, and since their primary habitat is the scrub and thorn forests so common here, Narayan Sarovar Sanctuary is crucial to their well-being. The sanctuary also houses many other mammals, from wildcats like the caracal (African or Persian Lynx) to desert foxes and the endangered Indian wolf, from spotted deer to wild boar. The ratel, or honey badger, renowned for its snake-killing ability and fierce self-defense against leopards, lions, poisonous snakes, and swarms of bees, earning it the title of “most fearless animal” in the Guinness Book of World Records, also lives here.

Birds abound in the sanctuary, with no less than 184 distinct species to be found here. All three species of bustards (the Great Indian Bustard, the Houbara Bustard, and the Lesser Florican) live here, as well as the Black Partridge, 19 different birds of prey, and many species of waterfowl. No bird lover will leave here displeased.

For information, contact:
Assistant Conservator of Forests
Narayan Sarovar Wildlife Sanctuary
Kutch West Division, College Road,
Bhuj, Gujarat


Threatened mammal species, reptiles and birds reside at Narayan Sarovar. The Chinkara or the Indian gazelle is the main animal inhabitant here. Many rare species of animals, since they have well adapted to the harsh desert climate, can be seen only at Narayan Sarovar. 

Most of the sanctuary is desert thorn forest and scrub forest, with seasonal wetlands and dry savannah-type vegetation. Rare plant species are to be seen here, including 252 flowering species. Chinkara, the endangered species, is the only gazelle in the world with horns on both males and females. Wild cats to Persian Lynx to desert foxes and the endangered Indian wolf from the mammal dwellers, along with spotted deer and wild boar. The honey badger, recognized as the ‘most fearless animal’ is found at Narayan Sarovar.
Of course, Narayan Sarovar is an abode to no less than 184 distinct species of birds. The three species of bustards, the Great Indian, the Houbara, and the Lesser Florican thrive here. Black Partridge, 19 different species of prey, and many species of waterfowl make their home here,leaving unforgettable impressions and experiences to bird watchers.
Look out for: All three species of Indian Bustard
Be one of few to record: Eurasian Curlew and Red Wattled Lapwing
Seasons: Most of the year except peak summer
Recommended time in the field: 2 Days
Accommodation: Available near Narayan Sarovar and Bhuj, 155 km away
Other attractions: Koteshwar Temple and the famous Gurdwara at Lakhpat

How to get there

By road: From Bhuj, 125 km away, buses go to Narayan Sarovar twice a day (morning and evening). However, that is the only public transportation available. Koteshwar Temple is a mere 2 km from Narayan Sarovar, on the coast, but visitors to Lakhpat (28 km further) or Narayan Sarovar Wildlife Sanctuary (15 km) will need a private vehicle; this can only be hired in Bhuj. Prices for hired cars range from Rs. 5.50/- per km to Rs. 10/- per km depending on the type of vehicle and whether or not it has AC. Unless you only want to visit the Narayan Sarovar lake and temples, hiring a car in Bhuj is recommended. Accomodation and food are available in Narayan Sarovar, but not in any of the other three sites (except the gurudwara in Lakhpat.) Visitors to the wildlife sanctuary should bring their own food and water.