Handicrafts (18) Filter:
Rogan painting is a unique craft and practiced by very few families. Rogan painting involves the use of a thick paste which is prepared by boiling the oil of safflower, caster or linseed and pouring it into water. This paste is mixed with chalk colour pigment and a binding agent to form a thick dye. The painting on the cloth is done using astick rod or a metal block. Geometric and floral designs are the norm. Red, blue and yellow are the usual colours that are employed. Rogan printing is used for decorating wall hangings, table-cloth, curtains, sarees and skirt borders.
Tangaliya a dotted woven textile of Surendranagar district, Saurashtra is found only in Gujarat, is usually worn as a wraparound skirt by the women of the Bharwad shephered community. Tangalia designs are used for preparing Shawl, Dupatta, Dress material and products of Home décor & accessories such as bedsheets, pillow covers etc. The patterns formed during weaving process to creat design in dots for floral and geometrical motifs by using cotton or woolen yarn.
Bandhej or Bandhani is the are of royals. ‘Bandhani’ is said to be symbolic of girlhood, love and marital happiness. The most intricate and refined ‘bandhani’ is made in Jamnagar and Kutch. A bandhani garment was considered auspicious for the bride. One also finds the maids in the Ajanta wall paintings wearing blouses of tie and dye patterns. Tie and Dye is one of the most widely accepted and one of the very traditionalmethods of printing textiles in Gujrat. According to the design and the motif, each pattern has its special significance. Chokidal is pattern of intricately weaving a bandhani with a pebble. It primarily a pattern of square, elephants and other animals. And Kambaliya is a design with a dotted pattern in the center and a different design along the border. In the past there was aslo a design called bavan (52) bag.
Varlipainting is a form of painting done by artisans at the boarder of Gujarat. Varli painting is the craft of tribal people. It is popular across India. The philosophy of a way of life, especially those of tribal societies, is best depicted through colorful images. Folk imagination, beliefs and customs are spontaneously expressed in these monochromantic tribal paintings. The whims and moods of tribal life make for interesting themes, which is why Varli Paintings are much more than designs on walls they are authentic depictions of a way of life. From the cracked and unknown walls of the village of Varli, Varli, an Indian folk art painting has traveled across borders and are now cherished possessions of many a collector and art lovers.
Wood carving is a famous and traditional craft of Gujarat. Temples and old houses provide the best example of the richness of this craft with projecting balconies and floors of the mansions deeply carved. Wooden boxes and chests were once major dowry items. Bhavnagar can boast of the ‘patara’, a bridal chest on wooden wheels. Pethapur has its carved blocks. But, there is no need to pine for the past as doorframes, lintels, and shafts are available even now in Gurjari. Even inlay work using coloured wood, horns and even commercially viable options like plastic are used in artifacts, wooden plaques.
The original tradition involved silk x cotton woven yarn, which is now modified into rayon x cotton woven yarn. Weaving is done mostly in stripes, ekat patterns and dotted designs. Use of bright colours is synonymous with type of yardage. Width: 22” to 36”.